SAML Single Sign On (SSO) into Bitbucket using Google Apps

Bitbucket SAML app gives the ability to enable SAML Single Sign On for Bitbucket Software. Bitbucket Software is compatible with all SAML Identity Providers. Here we will go through a guide to configure SSO between Bitbucket and Google Apps. By the end of this guide, Google Apps users should be able to login and register to Bitbucket Software.

Step 1:Setup Google Apps/G Suite as Identity Provider

Follow the following steps to set up Google Apps / G Suite as an Identity Provider

miniorange img  Login as Administrator

  • Go to and login with your G Suite administrator account.
  • Go to Apps from the left menu and click SAML Apps.

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miniorange img  Add a SAML app

  • Click on the “+” button at the bottom right corner to create a new SAML app.
  • Select button SETUP MY OWN CUSTOM APP

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miniorange img  IDP Information

  • Download IDP metadata from option 2. This is necessary for later configuration of the add-on.
  • You can also copy G Suite details from Option 1 and download the certificate to configure the add-on  manually.
  • Click Next.

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miniorange img  Service Provider Details

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  • Enter details from the SP Info tab in the add-on as given below.

    Information to be entered in G Suite Information to copy from the add-on in SP Info tab
    Entity ID SP Entity ID/ Issuer
    Signed Response
    Name ID Format EMAIL
  • Click Next.
miniorange img  Attribute Mapping

  • Click on Add New Mapping
  • Add mapping for first name and last name
  • Click on Finish

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miniorange img  Turn on

  • By Default SAML Apps are turned off for everyone.
  • Select Edit Service option.
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  • Change the setting to select ON for everyone to activate SSO.

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Step 2: Setup Bitbucket as Service Provider

Now we will go through the steps to setup Bitbucket as a Service Provider using miniOrange add-on:

Configuring Single IDP

With the information you have been given by your IDP team, you can configure IDP settings in 3 ways:

A. By Metadata URL

  • Click on Import from Metadata in Configure IDP tab
  • Select IDP: Import From Metadata URL
  • Enter IDP metadata URL: Enter your metadata URL
  • If your IDP changes certificates at intervals, you can select Refresh metadata periodically. Select 5 minutes for the best results.
  • Click Import

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B. By uploading Metadata XML file

  • Click on Import from Metadata in Configure IDP tab
  • Select IDP: Import from Metadata File
  • Upload metadata file
  • Click Import

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C. Manual Configuration

Go to Configure IDP tab and enter the following details

  • IDP Entity ID
  • Single Sign On URL
  • Single Logout URL
  • X.509 Certificate
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Configure New IDP

If you already have one IDP & you are looking to add Second IDP then you can do it by performing the following steps.

  • Navigate to Configure IDP tab.
  • Click on Add new IDP.
  • It will present a blank form & you can configure new IDP using steps from Single IdP Setup.

Configure multiple IDPs

If you have configured more than two IDPs then it will show you the list of IDP that you have configured with Bitbucket.

Click on Add new IdP button for adding new IDP on Bitbucket. The steps for adding new IDP will remain the same.

An operation that you can perform with List of IdPs page.

  • Add / delete Identity Provider.
  • Test Connection between Bitbucket & IdP by click on Test button for respective IDP.
  • Edit the IdP configuration by clicking on the Edit button.
  • You can allow an only specific set of users to access Bitbucket by using Domain Mapping.

Single Sign-On with Multiple Identity Provider(IDP)

Select your IdP from the list. It will redirect you to selected IdP login page.

Configure Domain Mapping

You can enable domain mapping using Use Domain Mapping option.
Once enable it, you need add domain name against each IDP.
After enabling Domain Mapping it allows SSO only for those users whose domain matches with the specified one.

Single Sign-On using Domain mapping

Enter the user email address. It will check your domain name with the configured domain if it matches then it will redirect you to the respective Identity Provider Login page.

This is how the login screen would appear after enabling domain mapping.

Step 3: Setting up Bitbucket user profile attributes

    We will be setting up user profile attributes for Bitbucket. If your users are stored in a directory that is Read Only, please check Disable user Profile Mapping in User Profile tab and follow steps given in Matching a User.

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    a. Finding correct attributes
  • Go to Configure IDP tab. Scroll down and click on Test Configuration.
  • You will see all the values returned by your IDP to Bitbucket in a table. If you don't see value for First Name, Last Name, Email or Username, make the required settings in your IDP to return this information.
  • Once you see all the values in Test Configuration, keep the window open and go to User Profile tab.
  • b. Setting profile attributes
  • In this tab, fill the values by matching the name of the attribute. For instance, if the Attribute Name in the Test Configuration window is NameID, enter NameID against Username
  • Setting up both Username and Email is required if you want to let users register. If you want existing users to the only login, configure the attribute using which you will match the user in Bitbucket.
  • c. Matching a User
    When the user logs into Bitbucket, one of the user's data/attribute coming in from the IDP is used to search the user in Bitbucket. This is used to detect the user in Bitbucket and log in the user to the same account.
  • Go to User Profile tab
  • Select Username or Email for Login/Search Bitbucket user account by
  • Enter the attribute name from IDP which corresponds to Username or Email using Finding Correct Attributes

Step 4: Assigning groups to users

    We will be setting up user group attributes for Bitbucket. If your users are stored in a directory that is Read Only, please check Disable Group Mapping in User Groups tab and skip to Setting default group.

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    a. Finding Group Attribute
  • Just like we found Attribute Name for User Profile attributes, we find group attribute.
  • Go to Configure IDP tab. Scroll down and click on Test Configuration.
  • You will see all the values returned by your IDP to Bitbucket in a table. If you don't see value with groups, make the required settings in your IDP to return group names.
  • Once you see all the values in Test Configuration, keep the window open and go to User Groups tab.
  • Enter the Attribute Name of group against Group Attribute
  • At the bottom of the page, all groups in Bitbucket are shown. You can map groups in IDP which correspond to Bitbucket groups. For example, if you want all users in dev-ops and dev groups in IDP to be added to crucible-users, you will need to enter dev-ops;dev against crucible-users
  • If you want user mapping to work for only limited groups in Bitbucket, check the option Update User Groups

  • b. Setting default group
  • Select the users Default Group to assign SSO users. Recommended to set up the groups needed to access the application.
  • You can enable default groups for all users or new users using the option.Select Noneif you don't want to assign any default group to SSO users.Using the option Enable Default Groups for.

Step 5: SSO Settings

    The settings in SSO Settings tab define the user experience for Single Sign On.
    a. Sign In Settings
  • Set Enable SSO for Bitbucket Server to allow SSO for Bitbucket users.
  • Set button text for button on login page using Login Button Text
  • Set redirect URL after login using Relay State. Keep this empty for coming back to the same page user started from
  • Enable Auto-redirect to IDP if you want to allow users to login only using IDP. Enable backdoor for emergency
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    b. Custom Login Template
  • Design your own login template that will be used to intitate SSO.

  • c. Sign Out Settings
  • Set Logout URL or Logout Template to redirect users after logout action.
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    d. SSO Error Settings
  • Set error template to redirect users to a custom error page instead of login page. Use this if you have Auto-redirect to IDP enabled.
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    e.Advanced Settings
  • Allow Users to Change Password: Disable if you don't want user to chnage their local Bitbucket credential
  • Remember Me-cookie: If enabled, user stays logged in until user explicitly logs out.
  • You can extend Bitbucket default session timeout using these steps. By default it is set to 30 mins.
  • Validate IDP's SAML Response: Configure time difference(in minute) here In case Bitbucket server time is not in sync with your IDP's time.

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