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Moodle SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using Keycloak as IdP | Keycloak SSO Login

Moodle SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using Keycloak as IdP | Keycloak SSO Login


SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) for your Moodle site can be achieved using our miniOrange SAML SSO plugin. Our plugin is compatible with all the SAML compliant Identity providers. Here we will go through a step-by-step guide to configure Single Sign-On (SSO) between Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP) and Moodle as Service Provider (SP).

Pre-requisites : Download and Installation

To configure Keycloak as IdP with Moodle, you will need to install the miniOrange SAML 2.0 SSO plugin:

SSO Single Sign On to Moodle with Azure, Azure B2C, Okta, ADFS, Keycloak, Onelogin, Gsuite, Shibboleth & many SAML IdPs [24/7 SUPPORT]

Tested with 4.3 Download Free Plugin

Steps to configure Keycloak Single Sign-On (SSO) Login into moodle (WP)

1. Setup Keycloak as IdP

  • In the Plugins tab scroll to Service Provider Metadata section you can find the SP metadata such as SP Entity-ID and ACS (AssertionConsumerService) URL which are required to configure the Identity Provider.
  • wordpress saml upload metadata
  • In your Keycloak admin console, select the realm that you want to use.
  • Click on Clients from the left menu and then click on Create button to create a new client/application.
  • SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Creating an APP
  • Enter Client ID as the SP-EntityID / Issuer from the Service Provider Metadata section and select SAML as the Client Protocol.
  • SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Add Client
  • Now click on Save.
  • Configure the following in Keycloak:
  • Client ID The SP-EntityID / Issuer from the plugin's Service Provider Metadata section
    Name Provide a name for this client
    Description Provide a description
    Name ID Format Email
    Root URL Leave empty or Base URL of Service Provider
    Valid Redirect URIs The ACS (Assertion Consumer Service) URL from the plugin's Service Provider Metadata section
    SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Settings
  • Under Fine Grain SAML Endpoint Configuration, configure the following:
  • Assertion Consumer Service POST Binding URL The ACS (Assertion Consumer Service) URL from the plugin's Service Provider Metadata section
    Logout Service Redirect Binding URL (Optional) The Single Logout URL from the plugin's Service Provider Metadata section
    SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as IdP,SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login SAML Endpoint Configuration
  • Click on Save.
miniorange img Add Mappers
  • Go to Mappers tab and click on Create button.
  • SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Mappers Tab
  • In Create Protocol Mapper enter the details as given below.
  • Client ID The SP-EntityID / Issuer from the plugin's Service Provider Metadata section
    Name Username
    Mapper Type User Attribute
    SAML Attribute Name username
    SAML Attribute NameFormat Basic
    SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Mappers Tab
  • Click On Save.
  • Click on Add Builtin button.
  • SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Mappers Tab
  • Check the boxes of X500 givenName, X500 surname and X500 email attributes.
  • SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Add buitl-in protocol mapper
  • Click on Add Selected button. You will see the mappings as shown in the photo below.
  • SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) using JBoss Keycloak as Identity Provider (IdP),SAML 2.0 JBoss Keycloak Login - Add Selected
miniorange img Download setup file
  • Go to Realm Settings, click on SAML 2.0 Identity Provider Metadata mentioned as endpoints in the General Tab.
  • JBoss Keycloak SSO-7
  • Note the URL and keep it handy. Here you can find the information which will be used to configure the plugin.

2. Configure Moodle as SP

We will go through the steps to setup Moodle as a Service Provider. Here, we will be adding the IdP metadata to configure the plugin.


In the miniOrange SAML SSO plugin, go to the Plugins tab. There are two ways to configure the plugin:

A. By uploading IDP metadata:

  • Enter the IDP Name.
  • In the Service Provider Setup section choose Metadata URL/XML from Select the Method dropdown.
  • Copy and paste the IdP metadata URL or XML file in IDP Metadata URL/XML input field.
  • Click on the Click here to Test the configuration.
  • wordpress saml upload metadata

B. Manual Configuration:

  • Provide the required settings (i.e. IDP Name, IDP Entity-ID or Issuer, SAML Login URL, X.509 Certificate) as provided by your Identity Provider.
  • Click on the Click here to Test the configuration.
  • wordpress saml upload metadata

Step 3: Attribute Mapping

  • When the user performs SSO, the NameID value is sent by the Identity Provider. This value is unique for every user.
  • For the plugin to access these attributes, assign the values for Username and Email as 'NameID' (without quotes).
  • wordpress saml attribute mapping

Step 4: Role Mapping

  • In the free plugin, you can choose a default role that will be assigned to all the non-admin users when they perform SSO. [NOTE: Roles will be assigned to new users created by SSO. Existing Moodle users’ roles will not be affected.]
  • Scroll down to Role Mapping section.
  • Select the Default Role and click on the Save changes button to save your configuration.
  • wordpress saml role mapping

Step 5: SSO Settings

  • In the plugin, you can add a login widget to enable SP-Initiated SSO on your site.
  • Go to the Plugins >> Authentication >> Manage authentication.
  • Click on the to enable the plugin visibility.
  • Click on the ⬆ to set plugin preference.
  • wordpress saml role mapping

In the miniOrange SAML SSO plugin, go to the Service Provider Setup tab of the plugin. There are two ways to configure the plugin:

A. By uploading IDP metadata:

  • Click on Upload IDP metadata button.
  • Enter the Identity Provider Name
  • You can copy and past IdP metadata XML file and click on Upload Metadata button or use a metadata URL and click on Fetch Metadata.
  • wordpress saml upload metadata

B.Manual Configuration:

  • Provide the required settings (i.e. Identity Provider Name, IdP Entity ID or Issuer, SAML Login URL, X.509 Certificate) as provided by your Identity Provider.
  • Click on the Save button to save your configuration.
  • wordpress saml upload metadata

Step 3: Attribute Mapping

  • When the user performs SSO, the NameID value is sent by the Identity Provider. This value is unique for every user.
  • To assign by which attribute value user should authenticate or create select Email or Username in Login/Create Moodle account by:
  • For the plugin to access these attribute assign the Email and Username attribute.
  • Addtionally user attributes can be mapped (such as Firstname and Lastname).
  • Click on the Save button to save your configuration.
  • wordpress saml attribute mapping

Step 4: Custom Attribute Mapping:

  • This feature allows you to map custom attribute sent by the IDP to the Moodle attributes.
  • You can add multiple attributes by click on "+" button.
  • Click on the Save button to save your configurations.
  • wordpress saml custom attribute mapping

Step 5: Role Mapping

  • This feature allows you to assign and manage roles of the users when they perform SSO. Along with the default Moodle roles, this is compatible with any custom roles as well.
  • Group/Role attribute will provide a mapping for the field name which contains role-related information sent by the IDP and will be used for Role Mapping.
  • Navigate to role mapping section and provide the mappings for the respective roles.
  • For example, If you have a user whose Group/Role attribute value is idp-teacher and you want to assign it to the teacher group then, just provide idp-teacher in the Teacher: field of Role mapping section.
  • Click on the Save button to save your configurations.
  • wordpress saml role mapping

Step 6: SSO settings

  • In the plugin you can add a login widget to enable SP-Initiated SSO on your site.
  • Click on Click here link which will redirect to the Manage authentication menu
  • wordpress saml role mapping
  • Click on the to enable the plugin visibility.
  • Click on the ⬆ to set plugin preference.
  • wordpress saml role mapping
  • To enable auto-redirect from Moodle login page to WordPress site .
  • Click on the Enable Auto-redirect to IDP from Moodle login page.
  • Note down Backdoor URL it will be useful when SSO fails.
  • Click on the Save button to save your configuration.
  • moodle saml role mapping

You have successfully configured Moodle as SAML SP for achieving Keycloak SSO login into your Moodle Site.

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